"This is what the LORD says-- Israel's King and Redeemer, the LORD Almighty: I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God," Isaiah 44:6
" 'I am the Alpha and the Omega,' says the Lord God, 'who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty,'" Rev. 1:8
"And he said to me, 'It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. To the thirsty I will give from the spring of the water of life without payment,'" Rev. 21:6
" 'I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end,'" Rev. 22:13
Some musings from this morning:
Recently I became interested in the book of Revelation (earlier post). So yesterday I was examining how there are 3 times where G-d says in it "I am the Alpha and Omega." And I noticed that the Christian scholars tend to say that Jesus is speaking in Revelation 22:13.
But it's very tricky determining the speaker in Revelation 22:13.
At one point, there's an angel interjecting because he had to inform John that he was just an angel and only G-d should receive worship. But then suddenly the speaker changes and it's G-d talking and making the self proclamation "I am the Alpha and Omega." Up until that point in Revelation, only the G-d the Father appears to have used this expression "Alpha and Omega" as a self-referent.
And so, to my consternation, I learned that the scholars are divided on who exactly is talking in 22:13--is it Jesus or G-d the Father?
But I think I figured out though how we can attribute 22:13 to Yeshua.
Note that in 22:13 we are given the clarifying name "the first and the last." But in chapter 1 and chapter 2 of Revelation we learn that the "first and the last" is the one who "died and came back to life", the one who is the "Son of Man."
This indicates that the speaker in 22:13 is Yeshua, the Son of Man, the Resurrected One. Also, that fits with the rest of the passage in 22.
I came across a good quote that provides an exegetical rule of thumb for how to interpret the predicative vs. absolute forms of "I am" in the book of John:
"In its predicative form...'I am' is a grammatically normal enough statement...When 'I am' lacks even an implied predicate, however, it becomes unintelligible except as an allusion to God's name..." Keener, The Gospel of John, pgs. 769-770