Sunday, February 16, 2014

The 613 Mitzvot (Rationales Coming Soon!)


Here's the Taryag Mitzvot as enumerated and categorized by Maimonides.  In the next few days (perhaps weeks) I will add the rabbinic rationales for the mitzvot (which will come from Abraham Chill's book).




The 613 Mitzvot as Enumerated by Maimonides 



The Book of Knowledge: The Laws Concerning Religious Belief, Character, Torah Study, Idolatry, and Repentance. 


1. To know there is a God Ex. 20:2

2. Not to entertain thoughts of other gods besides Him Ex. 20:3

3. To know that He is One Deut. 6:4

4. To love Him Deut. 6:5

5. To fear Him Deut. 10:20

6. To sanctify His Name Lev. 22:32

7. Not to profane His Name Lev. 22:32

8. Not to destroy objects associated with His Name Deut. 12:4

9. To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name Deut. 18:15

10. Not to test the prophet unduly Deut. 6:16

11. To emulate His ways Deut. 28:9

12. To cleave to those who know Him Deut. 10:20

13. To love other Jews Lev. 19:18

14. To love converts Deut. 10:19

15. Not to hate fellow Jews Lev. 19:17

16. To reprove a sinner Lev. 19:17

17. Not to embarrass others Lev. 19:17

18. Not to oppress the weak Ex. 22:21

19. Not to speak derogatorily of others Lev. 19:16

20. Not to take revenge Lev. 19:18

21. Not to bear a grudge Lev. 19:18

22. To learn Torah Deut. 6:7

23. To honor those who teach and know Torah Lev. 19:32

24. Not to inquire into idolatry Lev. 19:4

25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see Num. 15:39

26. Not to blaspheme Ex. 22:27

27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped Ex. 20:5

28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God Ex. 20:5

29. Not to make an idol for yourself Ex. 20:4

30. Not to make an idol for others Lev. 19:4

31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes Ex. 20:20

32. Not to turn a city to idolatry Ex. 23:13

33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worship Deut. 13:17

34. Not to rebuild it as a city Deut. 13:17

35. Not to derive benefit from it Deut. 13:18

36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worship Deut. 13:12

37. Not to love the idolater Deut. 13:9

38. Not to cease hating the idolater Deut. 13:9

39. Not to save the idolater Deut. 13:9

40. Not to say anything in the idolater's defense Deut. 13:9

41. Not to refrain from incriminating the idolater Deut. 13:9

42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatry Deut. 13:14

43. Not to listen to a false prophet Deut. 13:4

44. Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God Deut. 18:20

45. Not to be afraid of killing the false prophet Deut. 18:22

46. Not to swear in the name of an idol Ex. 23:13

47. Not to perform ov (medium) Lev. 19:31

48. Not to perform yidoni ("magical seer") Lev. 19:31

49. Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech Lev. 18:21

50. Not to erect a pillar in a public place of worship Deut. 16:22

51. Not to bow down on smooth stone Lev. 26:1

52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard Deut. 16:21

53. To destroy idols and their accessories Deut. 12:2

54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories Deut. 7:26

55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols Deut. 7:25

56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters Deut. 7:2

57. Not to show favor to them Deut. 7:2

58. Not to let them dwell in the Land of Israel Ex. 23:33

59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing Lev. 20:23

60. Not to be superstitious Lev. 19:26

61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. Deut. 18:10

62. Not to engage in astrology Lev. 19:26

63. Not to mutter incantations Deut. 18:11

64. Not to attempt to contact the dead Deut. 18:11

65. Not to consult the ov Deut. 18:11

66. Not to consult the yidoni Deut. 18:11

67. Not to perform acts of magic Deut. 18:10

68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head Lev. 19:27

69. Men must not shave their beards with a razor Lev. 19:27

70. Men must not wear women's clothing Deut. 22:5

71. Women must not wear men's clothing Deut. 22:5

72. Not to tattoo the skin Lev. 19:28

73. Not to tear the skin in mourning Deut. 14:1

74. Not to make a bald spot in mourning Deut. 14:1

75. To repent and confess wrongdoings Num. 5:7

The Book of Adoration: Recital of the Shema Yisrael, Prayer, Tefillin, Mezuzah, Torah Scroll, Tzitzit, Blessings, and Circumcision. 


76. To say the Shema twice daily Deut. 6:7

77. To serve the Almighty with daily prayer Ex. 23:25

78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation daily Num. 6:23

79. To wear tefillin (phylacteries) on the head Deut. 6:8

80. To bind tefillin on the arm Deut. 6:8

81. To put a mezuzah on each door post Deut. 6:9

82. Each male must write a Torah scroll Deut. 31:19

83. The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself Deut. 17:18

84. To have tzitzit on four-cornered garments Num. 15:38

85. To bless the Almighty after eating Deut. 8:10

86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth Lev. 12:3

The Book of Seasons: The Shabbat, Yom Kippur, Holy Days, New Moon, and Fast Days. 


87. To rest on the seventh day Ex. 23:12

88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day Ex. 20:10

89. The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat Ex. 35:3

90. Not to walk outside the city boundary on Shabbat Ex. 16:29

91. To sanctify the day with Kiddush and Havdalah Ex. 20:8

92. To rest from prohibited labor Lev. 23:32

93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur Lev. 23:32

94. To afflict yourself on Yom Kippur Lev. 16:29

95. Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur Lev. 23:29

96. To rest on the first day of Passover Lev. 23:7

97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover Lev. 23:8

98. To rest on the seventh day of Passover Lev. 23:8

99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover Lev. 23:8

100. To rest on Shavuot Lev. 23:21

101. Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot Lev. 23:21

102. To rest on Rosh Hashanah Lev. 23:24

103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashanah Lev. 23:25

104. To rest on Sukkot Lev. 23:35

105. Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot Lev. 23:35

106. To rest on Shemini Atzeret Lev. 23:36

107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini Atzeret Lev. 23:36

108. Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nissan Deut. 16:3

109. To destroy all chametz on 14th day of Nissan Ex. 12:15

110. Not to eat chametz all seven days of Passover Ex. 13:3

111. Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of Passover Ex. 12:20

112. Not to see chametz in your domain seven days Ex. 13:7

113. Not to find chametz in your domain seven days Ex. 12:19

114. To eat matzah on the first night of Passover Ex. 12:18

115. To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that night Ex. 13:8

116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah) Num. 9:1

117. To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot Lev. 23:42

118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days Lev. 23:40

119. Each man must give a half shekel annually Ex. 30:13

120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins Ex. 12:2

121. To afflict oneself and cry out before God in times of calamity Num. 10:9

The Book of Women: Marriage, Divorce, Seduction, and Infidelity. 


122. To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushin Deut. 22:13

123. Not to have sexual relations with women not thus married Deut. 23:18

124. Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wife Ex. 21:10

125. To have children with one's wife Gen. 1:28

126. To issue a divorce by means of a Get document Deut. 24:1

127. A man must not remarry his ex-wife after she has married someone else Deut. 24:4

128. To perform yibbum (marry the widow of one's childless brother) Deut. 25:5

129. To perform halizah (free the widow of one's childless brother from yibbum) Deut. 25:9

130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (by halizah) Deut. 25:5

131. The court must fine one who sexually seduces a maiden Ex. 22:15-16

132. The rapist must marry the maiden (if she chooses) Deut. 22:29

133. He is never allowed to divorce her Deut. 22:29

134. The slanderer must remain married to his wife Deut. 22:19

135. He must not divorce her Deut. 22:19

136. To fulfill the laws of the Sotah Num. 5:30

137. Not to put oil on her meal offering (as usual) Num. 5:15

138. Not to put frankincense on her meal offering (as usual) Num. 5:15

The Book of Holiness: Illicit Sexual Relations, Prohibited Foods, and Ritual Slaughter 


139. Not to have sexual relations with your mother Lev. 18:7

140. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife Lev. 18:8

141. Not to have sexual relations with your sister Lev. 18:9

142. Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughter Lev. 18:11

143. Not to have sexual relations with your son's daughter Lev. 18:10

144. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter Lev. 18:10

145. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter's daughter Lev. 18:10

146. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter Lev. 18:17

147. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her son's daughter Lev. 18:17

148. Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter's daughter Lev. 18:17

149. Not to have sexual relations with your father's sister Lev. 18:12

150. Not to have sexual relations with your mother's sister Lev. 18:13

151. Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother's wife Lev. 18:14

152. Not to have sexual relations with your son's wife Lev. 18:15

153. Not to have sexual relations with your brother's wife Lev. 18:16

154. Not to have sexual relations with your wife's sister Lev. 18:18

155. A man must not have sexual relations with an animal Lev. 18:23

156. A woman must not have sexual relations with an animal Lev. 18:23

157. Not to have homosexual sexual relations among men Lev. 18:22

158. Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father Lev. 18:7

159. Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father's brother Lev. 18:14

160. Not to have sexual relations with someone else's wife Lev. 18:20

161. Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure woman Lev. 18:19

162. Not to marry non-Jews Deut. 7:3

163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish people Deut. 23:4

164. Not to prevent a third-generation Egyptian convert from marrying into the Jewish people Deut. 23:8-9

165. Not to refrain from marrying a third generation Edomite convert Deut. 23:8-9

166. Not to let a mamzer (a child born due to an illegal relationship) marry into the Jewish people Deut. 23:3

167. Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people Deut. 23:2

168. Not to offer to God any castrated male animals Lev. 22:24

169. The High Priest must not marry a widow Lev. 21:14

170. The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage Lev. 21:15

171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden Lev. 21:13

172. A Kohen (priest) must not marry a divorcee Lev. 21:7

173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who has had a forbidden sexual relationship) Lev. 21:7

174. A Kohen must not marry a chalalah ("a desecrated person") (party to or product of 169-172) Lev. 21:7

175. Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden woman Lev. 18:6

176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Lev. 11:2

177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Deut. 14:11

178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Lev. 11:9

179. To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Lev. 11:21

180. Not to eat non-kosher animals Lev. 11:4

181. Not to eat non-kosher fowl Lev. 11:13

182. Not to eat non-kosher fish Lev. 11:11

183. Not to eat non-kosher flying insects Deut. 14:19

184. Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land Lev. 11:41

185. Not to eat non-kosher maggots Lev. 11:44

186. Not to eat worms found in fruit on the ground Lev. 11:42

187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than (kosher) fish Lev. 11:43

188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter Deut. 14:21

189. Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned Ex. 21:28

190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded Ex. 22:30

191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature Deut. 12:23

192. Not to eat blood Lev. 3:17

193. Not to eat certain fats of clean animals Lev. 3:17

194. Not to eat the sinew of the thigh Gen. 32:33

195. Not to eat meat and milk cooked together Ex. 23:19

196. Not to cook meat and milk together Ex. 34:26

197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer Lev. 23:14

198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer Lev. 23:14

199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer Lev. 23:14

200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years Lev. 19:23

201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard Deut. 22:9

202. Not to eat untithed fruits Lev. 22:15

203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idols Deut. 32:38

204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it Deut. 12:21

205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day Lev. 22:28

206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth Lev. 17:13

207. To send away the mother bird before taking its children Deut. 22:6

208. To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest Deut. 22:7

The Book of Specific Utterances: Oaths, Vows, Nazirite Restrictions, and Devotion of Property to the Sanctuary 


209. Not to swear falsely in God's Name Lev. 19:12

210. Not to take God's Name in vain Ex. 20:6

211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you Lev. 19:11

212. Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim Lev. 19:11

213. To swear in God's Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court Deut. 10:20

214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed Deut. 23:24

215. Not to break oaths or vows Num. 30:3

216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah Num. 30:3

217. The Nazir must let his hair grow Num. 6:5

218. He must not cut his hair Num. 6:5

219. He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar Num. 6:3

220. He must not eat fresh grapes Num. 6:3

221. He must not eat raisins Num. 6:3

222. He must not eat grape seeds Num. 6:4

223. He must not eat grape skins Num. 6:4

224. He must not be under the same roof as a corpse Num. 6:6

225. He must not come into contact with the dead Num. 6:7

226. He must shave his head after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period Num. 6:9

227. To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah Lev. 27:2

228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals Lev. 27:12-13

229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses Lev. 27:14

230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields Lev. 27:16

231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) Lev. 27:28

232. Not to sell the cherem Lev. 27:28

233. Not to redeem the cherem Lev. 27:28

The Book of Seeds: The Crossing of Seeds, Cattle and Materials, Laws of Charity and Tithing, and Laws Regarding the Sabbatical and Jubilee Years 


234. Not to plant diverse seeds together Lev. 19:19

235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard Deut. 22:9

236. Not to crossbreed animals Lev. 19:19

237. Not to work different animals together Deut. 22:10

238. Not to wear shaatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen Deut. 22:11

239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor Lev. 19:10

240. Not to reap that corner Lev. 19:9

241. To leave gleanings Lev. 19:9

242. Not to gather the gleanings Lev. 19:9

243. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard Lev. 19:10

244. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard Lev. 19:10

245. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes Lev. 19:10

246. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes Lev. 19:10

247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field Deut. 24:19

248. Not to retrieve them Deut. 24:19

249. To separate the "tithe for the poor" Deut. 14:28

250. To give charity Deut. 15:8

251. Not to withhold charity from the poor Deut. 15:7

252. To set aside Terumah Gedolah (gift for the Kohen) Deut. 18:4

253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe Num. 18:26

254. Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order Ex. 22:28

255. A non-Kohen must not eat Terumah Lev. 22:10

256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Terumah Lev. 22:10

257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat Terumah Ex. 12:48

258. An impure Kohen must not eat Terumah Lev. 22:4

259. A chalalah (party to #s 169-172 above) must not eat Terumah Lev. 22:12

260. To set aside Ma'aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite Num. 18:24

261. To set aside the second tithe (Ma'aser Sheni) Deut. 14:22

262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment Deut. 26:14

263. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni while impure Deut. 26:14

264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma'aser Sheni Deut. 26:14

265. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem Deut. 12:17

266. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem Deut. 12:17

267. Not to eat Ma'aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem Deut. 12:17

268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma'aser Sheni Lev. 19:24

269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year Deut. 26:13

270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple Ex. 23:19

271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem Deut. 12:17

272. To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation Deut. 26:5

273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen Num. 15:20

274. To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a Kohen Deut. 18:3

275. To give the first shearing of sheep to a Kohen Deut. 18:4

276. To redeem firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen Num. 18:15

277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen Ex. 13:13

278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it Ex. 13:13

279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth Ex. 34:21

280. Not to work the land during the seventh year Lev. 25:4

281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year Lev. 25:4

282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner Lev. 25:5

283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way Lev. 25:5

284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year Ex. 23:11

285. To release all loans during the seventh year Deut. 15:2

286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower Deut. 15:2

287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss Deut. 15:9

288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years Lev. 25:8

289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year Lev. 25:10

290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slaves Lev. 25:9

291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Jubilee)Lev. 25:11

292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year Lev. 25:11

293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year Lev. 25:11

294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties Lev. 25:24

295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely Lev. 25:23

296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities Lev. 25:29

297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in Deut. 18:1

298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war Deut. 18:1

299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields Num. 35:2

300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites' before and after the Jubilee year Lev. 25:34

The Book of Divine Service: The Temple and Its Specifications, the Priesthood and Priestly Service 


301. To build a Temple Ex. 25:8

302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal Ex. 20:23

303. Not to climb steps to the altar Ex. 20:26

304. To show reverence to the Temple Lev. 19:30

305. To guard the Temple area Num. 18:2

306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded Num. 18:5

307. To prepare the anointing oil Ex. 30:31

308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil Ex. 30:32

309. Not to anoint with anointing oil Ex. 30:32

310. Not to reproduce the incense formula Ex. 30:37

311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense Ex. 30:9

312. The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders Num. 7:9

313. Not to remove the staves from the ark Ex. 25:15

314. The Levites must work in the Temple Num. 18:23

315. No Levite must do another's work of either a Kohen or a Levite Num. 18:3

316. To dedicate the Kohen for service Lev. 21:8

317. The work of the Kohanim's shifts must be equal during holidays Deut. 18:6-8

318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service Ex. 28:2

319. Not to tear the priestly garments Ex. 28:32

320. The Kohen Gadol 's breastplate must not be loosened from the Efod Ex. 28:28

321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated Lev. 10:9

322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with his head uncovered Lev. 10:6

323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes Lev. 10:6

324. A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately Lev. 16:2

325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service Lev. 10:7

326. To send the impure from the Temple Num. 5:2

327. Impure people must not enter the Temple Num. 5:3

328. Impure people must not enter the Temple Mount area Deut. 23:11

329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple Lev. 22:2

330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service Lev. 22:7

331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service Ex. 30:19

332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar Lev. 21:23

333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve Lev. 21:17

334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve Lev. 21:17

335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve Num. 18:4

336. To offer only unblemished animals Lev. 22:21

337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar Lev. 22:20

338. Not to slaughter it Lev. 22:22

339. Not to sprinkle its blood Lev. 22:24

340. Not to burn its fat Lev. 22:22

341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal Deut. 17:1

342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews Lev. 22:25

343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals Lev. 22:21

344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified Deut. 12:15

345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old Lev. 22:27

346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog Deut. 23:19

347. Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar Lev. 2:11

348. To salt all sacrifices Lev. 2:13

349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices Lev. 2:13

350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah Lev. 1:3

351. Not to eat its meat Deut. 12:17

352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering Lev. 6:18

353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering Lev. 6:23

354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering Lev. 5:8

355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering Lev. 7:1

356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple Ex. 29:33

357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard Deut. 12:17

358. A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat Ex. 29:33

359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering Lev. 7:11

360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood Deut. 12:17

361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah Lev. 2:1

362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers Lev. 5:11

363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers Lev. 3:11

364. Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest Lev. 6:16

365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread Lev. 6:10

366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings Lev. 6:9

367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival Deut. 12:5-6

368. Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow Deut. 23:22

369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple Deut. 12:11

370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple Deut. 12:26

371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard Lev. 17:4

372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard Deut. 12:13

373. To offer two lambs every day Num. 28:3

374. To light a fire on the altar every day Lev. 6:6

375. Not to extinguish this fire Lev. 6:6

376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day Lev. 6:3

377. To burn incense every day Ex. 30:7

378. To light the Menorah every day Ex. 27:21

379. The Kohen Gadol ("High Priest") must bring a meal offering every day Lev. 6:13

380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Shabbat Num. 28:9

381. To make the show bread Ex. 25:30

382. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Chodesh (" The New Month") Num. 28:11

383. To bring additional offerings on Passover Num. 28:19

384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat Lev. 23:10

385. Each man must count the Omer - seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought Lev. 23:15

386. To bring additional offerings on Shavuot Num. 28:26

387. To bring two leaves to accompany the above sacrifice Lev. 23:17

388. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Hashana Num. 29:2

389. To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippur Num. 29:8

390. To bring additional offerings on Sukkot Num. 29:13

391. To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret Num. 29:35

392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished Deut. 14:3

393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions Lev. 7:18

394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them Lev. 22:30

395. Not to eat from that which was left over Lev. 19:8

396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure Lev. 7:19

397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices Lev. 7:20

398. To burn the leftover sacrifices Lev. 7:17

399. To burn all impure sacrifices Lev. 7:19

400. To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshah Acharei Mot ("After the death of Aaron's sons...") Lev. 16:3

401. One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice Lev. 5:16

402. Not to work consecrated animals Deut. 15:19

403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals Deut. 15:19

The Book of Sacrifices: The Sacrifices Brought on Holy Days and as Atonement for Sins 


404. To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time Ex. 12:6

405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven Ex. 23:18

406. Not to leave the fat overnight Ex. 23:18

407. To slaughter the second Paschal Lamb Num. 9:11

408. To eat the Paschal Lamb with matzah and Marror on the night of the fourteenth of Nissan Ex. 12:8

409. To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar Num. 9:11

410. Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled Ex. 12:9

411. Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group Ex. 12:46

412. An apostate must not eat from it Ex. 12:43

413. A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it Ex. 12:45

414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from it Ex. 12:48

415. Not to break any bones from the paschal offering Ex. 12:46

416. Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering Num. 9:12

417. Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning Ex. 12:10

418. Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning Num. 9:12

419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th Deut. 16:4

420. To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot Deut. 16:16

421. To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) Ex. 23:14

422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) Deut. 16:14

423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings Deut. 16:16

424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites Deut. 12:19

425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year Deut. 31:12

426. To set aside the firstborn animals Ex. 13:12

427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem Deut. 12:17

428. Not to redeem the firstborn Num. 18:17

429. Separate the tithe from animals Lev. 27:32

430. Not to redeem the tithe Lev. 27:33

431. Every person must bring a sin offering (in the temple) for his transgression Lev. 4:27

432. Bring an asham talui (temple offering) when uncertain of guilt Lev. 5:17-18

433. Bring an asham vadai (temple offering) when guilt is ascertained Lev. 5:25

434. Bring an oleh v'yored (temple offering) offering (if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) Lev. 5:7-11

435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering (in the Temple) when it rules in error Lev. 4:13

436. A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh Lev. 15:28-29

437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh Lev. 12:6

438. A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the Mikveh Lev. 15:13-14

439. A metzora must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the Mikveh Lev. 14:10

440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice Lev. 27:10

441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration Lev. 27:10

442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another Lev. 27:26

The Book of Purity: All the Causes of Defilement and the Requirements for Purification 


443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead Num. 19:14

444. Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Para Aduma) Num. 19:2

445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water Num. 19:21

446. Rule the laws of human tzara'at as prescribed in the Torah Lev. 13:12

447. The metzora must not remove his signs of impurity Deut. 24:8

448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair Lev. 13:33

449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips Lev. 13:45

450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora Lev. 14:2

451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification Lev. 14:9

452. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of clothing Lev. 13:47

453. Carry out the laws of tzara'at of houses Lev. 13:34

454. Observe the laws of menstrual impurity Lev. 15:19

455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth Lev. 12:2

456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman's running issue Lev. 15:25

457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man's running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen) Lev. 15:3

458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast Lev. 11:39

459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (insects) Lev. 11:29

460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal semen) Lev. 15:16

461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods Lev. 11:34

462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikvah to become pure Lev. 15:16

The Book of Injuries: The Laws of Compensation for Damages and Theft, Returning Lost Property, Murder, and the Preservation of Life 


463. The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox Ex. 21:28

464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating Ex. 22:4

465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit Ex. 21:33

466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire Ex. 22:5

467. Not to steal money stealthily Lev. 19:11

468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief Ex. 21:37

469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate Lev. 19:36

470. Not to commit injustice with scales and weights Lev. 19:35

471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use Deut. 25:13

472. Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone's property Deut. 19:14

473. Not to kidnap Ex. 20:13

474. Not to rob openly Lev. 19:13

475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt Lev. 19:13

476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire another's possession Ex. 20:14

477. Not to desire another's possession Deut. 5:18

478. Return the robbed object or its value Lev. 5:23

479. Not to ignore a lost object Deut. 22:3

480. Return the lost object Deut. 22:1

481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another's property Ex. 21:18

482. Not to murder Ex. 20:12

483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer Num. 35:31

484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge Num. 35:25

485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge Num. 35:32

486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial Num. 35:12

487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer Deut. 25:12

488. Not to pity the pursuer Num. 35:12

489. Not to stand idly by if someone's life is in danger Lev. 19:16

490. Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access Deut. 19:3

491. Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder Deut. 21:4

492. Not to work nor plant that river valley Deut. 21:4

493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property Deut. 22:8

494. Make a guard rail around flat roofs Deut. 22:8

495. Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) Lev. 19:14

496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it Ex. 23:5

497. Help others load their beast Deut. 22:4

498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) Deut. 22:4

The Book of Acquisition: Commercial Transactions, Neighbors, and Bondage 


499. Conduct sales according to Torah law Lev. 25:14

500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article Lev. 25:14

501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words Lev. 25:17

502. Not to cheat a convert monetarily Ex. 22:20

503. Not to insult or harm a convert with words Ex. 22:20

504. Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws Ex. 21:2

505. Not to sell him as a slave is sold Lev. 25:42

506. Not to work him oppressively Lev. 25:43

507. Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively Lev. 25:53

508. Not to have him do menial slave labor Lev. 25:39

509. Give him gifts when he goes free Deut. 15:14

510. Not to send him away empty-handed Deut. 15:13

511. Redeem Jewish maidservants Ex. 21:8

512. Betroth the Jewish maidservant Ex. 21:8

513. The master must not sell his maidservant Ex. 21:8

514. Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs Lev. 25:46

515. Not to extradite a slave who fled to (Biblical) Israel Deut. 23:16

516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge Deut. 23:16

The Book of Judgments: Labor Relations, Renting and Borrowing, and Inheritance 


517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard Ex. 22:9

518. Pay wages on the day they were earned Deut. 24:15

519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time Lev. 19:13

520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works Deut. 23:25

521. The worker must not eat while on hired time Deut. 23:26

522. The worker must not take more than he can eat Deut. 23:25

523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing Deut. 25:4

524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower Ex. 22:13

525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard Ex. 22:6

526. Lend to the poor and destitute Ex. 22:24

527. Not to press them for payment if you know they don't have it Ex. 22:24

528. Press the idolater for payment Deut. 15:3

529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral Deut. 24:10

530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed Deut. 24:13

531. Not to delay its return when needed Deut. 24:12

532. Not to demand collateral from a widow Deut. 24:17

533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food Deut. 24:6

534. Not to lend with interest Lev. 25:37

535. Not to borrow with interest Deut. 23:20

536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note Ex. 22:24

537. Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest Deut. 23:21

538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier Ex. 22:8

539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance Num. 27:8

The Book of Judges: The Judicial System, Rabbinic and Parental Authority, Mourning, Kings, and Wars 


540. Appoint judges Deut. 16:18

541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure Deut. 1:17

542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement Ex. 23:2

543. The court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required Ex. 23:2

544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases Deut. 23:2

545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning Deut. 22:24

546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning Lev. 20:14

547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword Ex. 21:20

548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation Lev. 20:10

549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry Deut. 21:22

550. Bury the executed on the day they are killed Deut. 21:23

551. Not to delay burial overnight Deut. 21:23

552. The court must not let the sorcerer live Ex. 22:17

553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer Ex. 25:2

554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes Deut. 25:3

555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence Ex. 23:7

556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime Deut. 22:26

557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial Deut. 19:13

558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial Lev. 19:15

559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial Lev. 19:15

560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor Ex. 23:6

561. A judge must not pervert justice Lev. 19:15

562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan Deut. 24:17

563. Judge righteously Lev. 19:15

564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment Deut. 1:17

565. Judges must not accept bribes Ex. 23:8

566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present Ex. 23:1

567. Not to curse judges Ex. 22:27

568. Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin Ex. 22:27

569. Not to curse any upstanding Jew Lev. 19:14

570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court Lev. 5:1

571. Carefully interrogate the witness Deut. 13:15

572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes Deut. 19:17

573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness Deut. 19:15

574. Transgressors must not testify Ex. 23:1

575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify Deut. 24:16

576. Not to testify falsely Ex. 20:13

577. Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant Deut. 19:19

578. Act according to the ruling of the Sanhedrin Deut. 17:11

579. Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin Deut. 17:11

580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations Deut. 13:1

581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part Deut. 13:1

582. Not to curse your father and mother Ex. 21:17

583. Not to strike your father and mother Ex. 21:15

584. Respect your father or mother Ex. 20:12

585. Fear your father or mother Lev. 19:3

586. Not to be a rebellious son Deut. 21:18

587. Mourn for relatives Lev. 10:19

588. The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative Lev. 21:11

589. The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse Lev. 21:11

590. A Kohen must not defile himself (by going to funerals or cemeteries) for anyone except relatives Lev. 21:1

591. Appoint a king from Israel Deut. 17:15

592. Not to appoint a foreigner Deut. 17:15

593. The king must not have too many wives Deut. 17:17

594. The king must not have too many horses Deut. 17:16

595. The king must not have too much silver and gold Deut. 17:17

596. Destroy the seven Canaanite nations Deut. 20:17

597. Not to let any of them remain alive Deut. 20:16

598. Wipe out the descendants of Amalek Deut. 25:19

599. Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people Deut. 25:17

600. Not to forget Amalek's atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert Deut. 25:19

601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt Deut. 17:16

602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms Deut. 20:10

603. Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them Deut. 23:7

604. Not to destroy fruit trees even during the siege Deut. 20:19

605. Prepare latrines outside the camps Deut. 23:13

606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with Deut. 23:14

607. Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war Deut. 20:2

608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions Deut. 24:5

609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military Deut. 24:5

610. Not to panic and retreat during battle Deut. 20:3

611. Keep the laws of the captive woman Deut. 21:11

612. Not to sell her into slavery Deut. 21:14

613. Not to retain her for servitude after having sexual relations with her Deut. 21:14

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